QuickBooks red flags: How to spot accounting fraud
Do you know if your QuickBooks data is safe from fraud? Even if your answer is a confident yes, you may want to think again.
In the intricate world of accounting, maintaining the security and integrity of your financial data is crucial — but not always easy.
With the increasing adoption of software like QuickBooks, you must equip yourself with the proper knowledge and strategies to identify potential security threats like accounting fraud.
By revisiting this webinar, you’ll discover:
- Common challenges in maintaining secure accounting data.
- How to detect both financial and non-financial signs of accounting fraud.
- QuickBooks tips on how to prevent compromises and keep confidential information safe.
By the end, you’ll be an expert at spotting red flags in QuickBooks to ensure a financially stable and secure business.
Take a look!
Webinar snapshot: Essential points summarized
What is accounting fraud?
Accounting fraud is the illegal activity of manipulating your balance sheet to present the false appearance of financial health.
While it can be accidental in some instances, accounting fraud is typically an intentional act of deception where the perpetrator is fully aware of their misleading actions.
Why do people commit accounting fraud?
Now the definition of accounting fraud is clear, but what drives someone to commit it? The fraud triangle theory provides some insight.
- Perceived pressure: There are several variables that push people to do illicit things they wouldn’t do under normal circumstances. This kind of pressure manifests both internally and externally. Internal pressures might stem from the need to meet sales quotas or appease shareholders, while external pressures are personal, such as struggling with gambling debts or needing to pay for a child’s education.
- Rationalization: Committing fraud isn’t a decision anyone takes lightly. People often justify their actions to make them seem acceptable in their minds. A good example is that during the pandemic, businesses that experienced a 30% revenue drop were eligible for life-saving subsidies. The thin line between 29% and 30% led many on the brink to shift their recorded revenues, technically committing fraud. But they rationalized this as a necessary act to save their company and staff.
- Perceived opportunity: This revolves around the feasibility of committing fraud. People with easy access to business funds, be it through your bookkeeping software or bank account, might be more inclined to commit fraud. One of the most important QuickBooks tips around fraud control is to focus on limiting these opportunities. While you can’t control the pressures someone faces or their thought processes, you can control their access to your finances.
It’s essential to recognize that anyone, regardless of their ethical stance, can find themselves contemplating fraud. The key is not to be paranoid, but to remain critical and vigilant.
Common challenges to secure accounting
Ensuring secure accounting practices is paramount for every business, but many face challenges that make them vulnerable to accounting fraud.
Let’s delve into some of these obstacles and how you can address them with the right QuickBooks tips and strategies.
One of the most significant gaps in secure accounting practices is the lack of internal controls. A report by the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners revealed that nearly one third of all frauds occur due to inadequate internal controls.
For small businesses, implementing robust internal controls is challenging, especially when resources are limited. Whether you have a team of 100 or only three, determining how to best allocate resources and time for internal controls is necessary for fraud prevention.
Separation of duty
Closely related to internal controls is the concept of separation of duty. Accounting fraud often occurs when a single individual has sole control over a particular function or system.
For instance, with cash sales, it’s risky to have one person responsible for counting, depositing, and reconciling the money. A more secure approach would involve different individuals handling each of these tasks, ensuring checks and balances.
Financial literacy — or rather the lack of it — is another challenge. Many small business owners or nonprofit leaders might excel in areas like programming or fundraising, but not so much at reading and analyzing financial statements. That said, while you don’t need to be an accountant, understanding basic financial statements is vital in fraud prevention.
If you want to improve your financial literacy, there are numerous resources available to you. Platforms like LinkedIn offer courses on internal controls and other relevant topics, and the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners website provides a wealth of information, even for non-members.
Remember, information is power. By equipping yourself with the right knowledge and employing these QuickBooks tips, you fortify your business against potential risks.
How to detect accounting fraud
Detecting accounting fraud is not an easy task, especially when the signs are subtle. However, by being vigilant and recognizing the red flags, you safeguard your business.
Let’s explore some of the financial and non-financial indicators that point toward fraudulent activities.
Financial red flags
- High accounts receivable: A significant amount of sales but a low bank balance calls for an inspection of your accounts receivable. Old, unpaid invoices are a telltale sign of fraudulent activities.
- High bad debt: A surge in bad debt suggests the possibility that someone on your staff is writing off invoices to hide fraudulent activities.
- Uncleared bank transactions: Old transactions that haven’t cleared the bank are a common hiding spot for fraudulent activities. Make sure to regularly review your bank reconciliation reports.
- Unusual expenses: High or odd expenses, especially under categories like “miscellaneous” or “office expenses,” are a common hiding place for fraudulent transactions.
- Payroll discrepancies: A sudden increase in payroll costs without a clear reason (i.e., employee raises) hints at accounting fraud schemes like ghost employees.
- Cost of goods vs. inventory: A mismatch between the cost of goods sold and actual inventory indicates fraudulent transactions.
Non-financial red flags
- Excessive control: Individuals involved in fraud often exhibit a high degree of control over their work and are resistant to letting others access or review it.
- Living beyond means: If an employee’s lifestyle doesn’t align with their salary, that’s a sign of embezzlement or other fraudulent activities.
- Reluctance to take vacation: Fraudsters often avoid taking time off to maintain control and prevent others from discovering their activities. So, encouraging employees to take vacations is a good fraud control measure.
Before considering any QuickBooks tips or additional features, make sure you have a fundamental understanding of how to identify these red flags. Regularly review financial statements and employee behaviors to stay on top of detecting and preventing accounting fraud.
Remember, it’s not just about spotting the signs, but also understanding the context and asking the right questions when something seems amiss.
QuickBooks tips and features to help prevent accounting fraud
Now that you know what to look out for, here are some QuickBooks tips that will help you prevent fraud.
- Multiple users & access levels: Depending on your subscription plan, QuickBooks Online lets multiple users access your company file — but you can assign different levels of access. These include admin access, inventory manager, payroll manager, reports only, time tracking only, and standard user permissions. Plus, you can create custom roles that give individuals access only to what you’ve specified.
- Perception of detection: When you add users to QuickBooks and regularly check in with your accounting data, you assure your employees that someone is monitoring the books. This deters them from committing fraud through the fear of getting caught and the repercussions that come from it.
- Audit log: Keeping a record of all activities in your books provides a detailed history of any changes made to your transactions. This improves transparency across your business and discourages shady activity, as a real-time changelog makes it much more difficult to fudge numbers. QuickBooks Online’s audit log lets you filter by user or transaction type, and you can export it to a spreadsheet for further analysis.
- Bank feed: QuickBooks Online connects directly to your bank account to provide real-time data. Your dashboard displays both your bank balance and QuickBooks balance, which lets you easily identify discrepancies between the two. As a result, you can regularly reconcile your accounts and spot and react to signs of fraud immediately.
- Reports: QuickBooks Online’s customizable reporting functionality is an effective tool for fraud prevention. For example, the accounts receivable aging report shows outstanding invoices and how long they’ve been past due, so you maintain total visibility of the money you owe. You can also compare your balance sheets and profit and loss (P&L) or income statements to previous periods to make sure everything lines up properly.
- Limit use of manual checks: While checks have their advantages, they are also susceptible to fraud. Consider transitioning to electronic payment systems, which not only reduce the risk of check fraud but also integrate seamlessly with QuickBooks. While no system is foolproof, electronic payment methods often offer more security features and are easier to track than traditional checks.
Implemented effectively, these QuickBooks tips and features will help you monitor your financial data, detect anomalies, and protect against accounting fraud.
Final thoughts: How to keep your QuickBooks data secure
In today’s digital age, ensuring the security of your financial data is more crucial than ever.
With tools like QuickBooks Online at the forefront of accounting, it’s essential to keep key QuickBooks tips and best practices in your back pocket. That way, you remain vigilant and proactive in your approach to data security at all times.
Along with the QuickBooks tips and features above, ensuring your financial data remains uncompromised involves:
- Conducting regular reviews.
- Embracing modern payment methods.
- Continuous learning and growth.
To protect your confidential data even further, consider integrating business software like Method which come with a range of additional benefits and features, including automating business processes and managing customer interactions.